Mshiikenh Gaa-zhi-debnang Meshkwaanig Es
“How Turtle Got His Hard Shell”
26 min.

Miigwech to Margaret Hele and Roseanna McCoy for their camerawork and kind assistance in helping us to record this video.

By Barbara Nolan

Barbara Nolan is a first-speaker of Nishnaabemwin who has spent several decades working with a variety of organizations to revitalize the Nishnaabe language. Most recently, her dream of passing her language on has come true: Barbara has successfully passed her language on to John Paul Montano. This website,, is one part of their continuing efforts to help other Nishnaabe people acquire the language.